Factsheet : Tonga

Official Title:
Kingdom of Tonga


General Information

Capital: Nuku’alofa
Population (million): .10
Total Area: 748km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 1.70277 Tonga Pa’anga (TOP) (2016- Annual average)
National Holiday: Emancipation Day, 4 June
Language(s): Tongan, English


Political Information

Type of State:
Constitutional Monarchy

Type of Government:
Tonga has a unicameral Legislative Assembly of 26 members, of which 17 are directly elected, and nine are appointed by Tongan nobility.

Head of State:
His Majesty King ’Aho’eitu ’Unuaki’otonga Tuku’aho (Lavaka) Tupou VI

Head of Government:
Prime Minister ’Akilisi Pohiva

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: ’Akilisi Pohiva

Main Political Parties:
Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands, People’s Democratic Party, Sustainable Nation-Building Party, Democratic Labour Party.

Elections:
Last: 2014; next: 2018.


Economic Information (2016)

Comparative figures
Type Tonga Canada
GDP: ($ billion) .53 2,026.59
GDP per capita: ($) 5,110.55 55,938.56
GDP growth rate: (%) 3.53 1.43
Inflation: (%) 1.43 1.41
Unemployment: (%) 0 7

Product Trade and Investment (2016)

Canadian exports to country: $308,268
Canadian imports from country: $8,244
FDI in Canada: $ million
CDI in Tonga: $ million


Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
High Commissioner Mahe ’Uli’uli Sandhurst Tupouniua (N-Y, US)

Canadian Representation Abroad:
High Commissioner Mario Bot (Wellington, NZ)


May 2017
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

PDF Version

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the statistic is unavailable.
Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Tonga
Year Exports Imports
2012 $53,561 $52,185
2013 $84,170 $30,666
2014 $1,129,365 $16,324
2015 $1,064,835 $9,777
2016 $308,268 $8,244
Product trade (2016)
21 HS Sections
Canada - Tonga
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $75,147 $5,130
02 Veg. Prod. $ $
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $ $
04 Food Prod. $ $
05 Mineral Prod. $ $
06 Chemical Prod. $3,360 $
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $ $
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $ $
09 Wood Prod. $ $
10 Paper Prod. $116,536 $
11 Textiles Prod. $ $867
12 Dress Access. $ $
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $ $
14 Precious Metals/stones $ $
15 Base Metal Prod. $ $
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $113,225 $2,063
17 Vehicles and Equip. $ $141
18 Specialized Inst. $ $43
19 Arms & Ammunition $ $
20 Misc. Articles $ $
21 Antiques $ $